Upper endoscopy investigation, which looks at the digestive tract and detects any potentially cancerous areas
Stomach tissue biopsy, to analyse and confirm whether cancer is evident
CT scan, to identify any metastatic cancer in distant areas of the body
What can I do to decrease my risk of stomach cancer?
There is no certain way to prevent stomach cancer, but some things you can do to decrease your risk include:1,2
Avoiding a diet high in smoked and pickled foods, and salted meats and fish
Consuming a balanced diet – a healthy diet with plenty of fiber, including fresh fruits and vegetable can lower stomach cancer risk. Citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons can also be beneficial.
Being physically active
Avoiding smoking – like many cancers and other medical conditions quitting smoking is will greatly reduce your risk. Speak with your doctor who will be able to recommend ways to help you quit smoking.
Treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection
Limit alcohol consumption
Maintain a healthy weight – Being overweight or obese may increase your risk of stomach cancer.
Only a small percentage of stomach cancers are caused by genetics but it is always important to understand your family history and speak with your doctor who will be able to assess risk and can discuss genetic testing when appropriate. Remember early detection is key. If you feel changes in your body or have any concerns always make an appointment with your doctor.